IntroductionTyre recycling is the process by which waste tyres are converted into useful products. The tyre pyrolysis machine us used to transform waste tyres into carbon black, combustible gas, steel wires, and fuel oil which are beneficial and economical products. Pyrolysis is the process through which waste tyres are heated in vacuums to convert them into profitable products. Tyre pyrolysis plant cost is determined by several factors which will be expounded in details in this article. The article will also address some of the economic uses of the end products of pyrolysis.
Components of a Tyre Pyrolysis Machine
1. The Feeding Systems- These systems are used to enter waste tyres to the pyrolysis reactor.
2. The Reactor- The reactor is the chamber that allows the carbonization of rubber to take place.
3. Condenser- The condenser is used to convert gaseous oil to liquid oil.
4. Dusting Systems- They are used to remove dust from the pyrolysis products.
5. Hydroseal- Used to purify and recycle the combustible gas.
6. Oil Tank- The tank is used to store liquefied oil from the condenser.
7. Manifold- The manifold is used to separate light oil from the heavy oil.
Working Principle of the Tyre Pyrolysis Machine
1. The first stage involved putting the waste tyres in a shredding machine to crush them into smaller pieces.
2. The crushed tyres are then transported to a pyrolysis reactor using screw feeders that prevent air from entering the reactor chambers.
3. The waste tyres are then heated to temperatures of about 160 degrees Celsius in a vacuum. At this temperature, oil gas vapourises from the tyre materials and enters the manifold.
4. The heavy oil materials are condensed by the condenser then stored in oil tanks. The gaseous oil is liquefied too by the condenser to form liquid oil which is stored separately.
5. The gas produced during the pyrolysis is purified and recycled back to the reactor for heating.
6. After every pyrolysis cycle, the toxic compounds and gases that are produced are treated and discharged safely in the environment. Safe disposal ensures that the environment is protected from pollution and degradation. Find out more details here: https://kingtigergroup.com/waste-tyre-pyrolysis-plant/.
Applications of the Pyrolysis Products
As mentioned in the introduction, carbon black, steel wires, combustible gas, and fuel oil are produced during the pyrolysis process. Their commercial uses are stated below:
1. Combustible Gas- The gas is recycled back into the pyrolysis reactor for heating purposes. The recycling of the combustible gas makes the tyre pyrolysis plant self-sustaining because no external energy will be required for heating purposes.
2. Carbon Black- Carbon black can be sold directly in the market; it can be refined to high-quality carbon and can be used to manufacture carbon bricks for the briquetting machines.
3. Steel Wire- Steel wire can be sold directly in the market and can be reprocessed to make useful iron products.
4. Fuel Oil- Fuel oil is used to make lubricants, can be used in the production of diesel/petrol for powering vehicles, and can be used to provide heat energy in manufacturing industries.
What Determines the Tyre Pyrolysis Machine Cost?
The tyre pyrolysis machine cost is determined by several factors as explained in details below:
1. The Supplier of Pyrolysis Plant– Pyrolysis machines that are purchased from the original manufacturers cost less than those purchased through brokers. Brokers always inflate prices to make some profit. Buying a tyre pyrolysis machine from a famous company such as the Kingtiger Group can be essential at reducing the overall cost of the plant.
2. The Cost of Electricity, Registration, and Labor- The above local costs are very crucial at determining the overall production cost of the tyre pyrolysis machine. Tyre pyrolysis plants that are used in regions where electricity and registration bills are high tend to have high overall production costs. However, the overall production cost drops when the pyrolysis plants are used in areas where electricity is cheaper.
3. The Size of the Tyre Pyrolysis Machine- The large-scale pyrolysis machine costs more than small pyrolysis plant. The difference in costs is brought about by the fact that large-scale systems have more output than small scale systems. Large-scale machines also occupy a larger area which makes the whole assembly costly.
4. The Model of the Pyrolysis Plant- Some pyrolysis plants cost more than others. A BLL-20 Pyrolysis plant costs more because of its higher efficiencies and larger production levels. On the other hand, the BLJ-10 pyrolysis plant costs less because it has a slightly lower level of production compared to the BLL-20.
5. Availability of Raw Materials
Tyre pyrolysis machines that can recycle a more extensive range of waste materials cost more than those that can reuse a few materials. A plant that can recycle waste tyres, rubber, and plastics costs more than a plant that can only recycle waste tyres.
The above factors are critical at determining the tyre pyrolysis machine cost and should be considered when choosing a tyre pyrolysis machine for a particular tyre recycling task.